Thursday, 22 March 2018

What happened with Krishna empire during the Rajasuya conducted by Dharmaraj? Did he fight, surrender or did something different happen?

My Answer:
To answer this question, we first need to understand Krishna’s role. One day, Narada came to visit Yuddhistira in Indraprastha and told him about the great king Harischandra, and how he performed the Rajasuya Yajna. Hearing this, Yuddhistira felt a desire to want to perform the Rajasuya Yajna himself. So, he sends messengers to Dwarka, asking Krishna to come to Indraprastha. Once, Krishna came to Indraprastha, Yuddhistira asked Krishna how the Rajasuya Yajna can be performed[1]:
"Yudhishthira said,--'I have wished to perform the Rajasuya sacrifice. That sacrifice, however, cannot be performed by one's wishing alone to perform it. Thou knowest, O Krishna, even thing about the means by which it may be accomplished. He alone can achieve this sacrifice in whom everything is possible, who is worshipped everywhere and who is the king of kings. My friends and counsellors approaching me have said that I should perform that sacrifice. But, O Krishna, in respect of that matter, thy words shall be my guide. Of counsellers some from friendship do not notice the difficulties; others from motives of self-interest say only what is agreeable. Some again regard that which is beneficial to themselves as worthy of adoption. Men are seen to counsel thus on matters awaiting decision. But thou, O Krishna, art above such motives. Thou hast conquered both desire and anger. It behoveth thee to tell me what is most beneficial to the world."
Yuddhistira’s speech itself should suffice to show that he considered Krishna a good friend and a political adviser. Krishna then told Yuddhistira that he must first eliminate Jarasandha if he wished to perform the Rajasuya Yajna. Then, Krishna himself, along with Bhima and Arjuna went to Magadha to kill Jarasandha. This shows that Krishna and the Pandavas considered the former as less of an adversary, but more of a friend. Just as Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva was to Yuddhistira, so was Krishna. After Jarasandha was killed, when the four Pandavas (barring Yuddhistira) went in the four directions for their digvijaya, we can note that none of them invaded Dwarka… This is because Dwarka itself openly supported the Pandavas in performing the Rajasuya conquest. When Sahadeva proceeded Southwards in his digvijaya, he sent a messenger to King Rukmin (to ask him to surrender). King Rukmi, who was the brother-in-law of Krishna, cheerfully accepted the Pandavas rule, remembering his relationship with Krishna[2]:
The virtuous prince, while staying in the kingdom of Saurashtra sent an ambassador unto king Rukmin of Bhishmaka within the territories of Bhojakata, who, rich in possessions and intelligence, was the friend of Indra himself. And the monarch along with his son, remembering their relationship with Krishna, cheerfully accepted, O king, the sway of the son of Pandu. And the master of battle then, having exacted jewels and wealth from king Rukmin, marched further to the south.
King Rukmin could only have accepted the Pandavas rule, thinking of his relationship with Krishna, if he knew that the Pandavas and Krishna were allied in the Rajasuya conquest. Hence, Krishna did not need to fight or surrender to the Pandavas because he was their well wisher cum political adviser, and himself was allied with the Pandavas, making the Rajasuya conquest as much his as it was the Pandavas. This is also why Krishna was given the Arghya respect by the Pandavas, during the Rajasuya sacrifice.
Eventually, after Krishna’s death, his grandson, Vajra, was made the ruler of Indraprastha, by the Pandavas[3]:
He established the son of Kritavarma at the city called Marttikavat, with the remnant of the women of the Bhoja king. Escorting the remainder, with children and old men and women, the son of Pandu established them, who were reft of heroes, in the city of Indraprastha. The dear son of Yuyudhana, with a company of old men and children and women, the righteous-souled Arjuna established on the banks of the Sarasvati. The rule of Indraprastha was given to Vajra.
Hence, the Pandavas considered their empire as much of Krishna’s as it was their own. With such attitude/behavior of the Pandavas towards Krishna, Krishna was not an enemy in the Rajasuya Yajna, but rather a well-wisher and one among the Pandavas.
I hope this answers your question…
Footnotes

4 comments:

  1. I saw video which says that draupadi had only one husband
    https://youtu.be/scbxuxmJ5hI

    ReplyDelete
  2. Mahabharat misconception about Gandhari's 100 sons | Thanks Bharat, #DKC61
    https://youtu.be/pYKA8RldtTc

    ReplyDelete
  3. क्या श्री कृष्ण हिन्दू धर्म पर कलंक है ? 100 % हिन्दू देखकर दें जवाब !

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    Replies
    1. Hinduism is an amalgamation of many religions, and hence allows for plurality. Krishna and his teachings find a place in this... I would even say that an extreme end, like Ravana, who persecuted the Vedic Rshis, also finds place in Hinduism.

      My answer would change if you, however, asked only about the Vedic branch of Hinduism.

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